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Major Security Threats: How to Protect Yourself from Being Exploited Online

4 min read

The modern user does not think about the fact that he is very likely to become a victim of cybercrime. In 2020, more than three hundred million individuals had suffered from cybercrime, losing their data, money, and reputation.

Various forms of malware can cause severe damage even to titanic corporations like Facebook, Amazon, or Alphabet. Just two weeks ago, the data of more than 533 million Facebook users was breached, becoming publicly available on the Internet. And this was not an isolated incident.

Last year, more than 90% of businesses worldwide fell victim to cyberattack methods such as phishing, data breaches, ransomware, and stalkerware. By the end of 2020, the level of damage from cybercrime was estimated at one trillion dollars. To survive in today's digitized world, organizations and individual users need to know their enemy in the face and be prepared.

The Most Common Types of Cyber Attacks

The more complex and digitized our world becomes, the more methods and types of cyberattacks we encounter. Most of them are well-known, and we are already aware of them, but some are still unfamiliar to most people. Yet, the main types are:

  • Malware

Malware is the most common type of cyber threat, which consists of malicious software capable of destroying an entire computer system/network or hacking entire data sets with personal or confidential information. This type of cyber threat includes many varieties of software such as Trojans, viruses, worms, spyware, and more.

  • Phishing

Phishing is one of the most widespread cyber threats, well-known to the regular user. Usually, potential victims receive emails containing malware in the form of links or attached files. Those are accompanied by aggressively written texts urging victims to follow a link or download attached files. Such links/files contain malware aimed at stealing or damaging private or confidential information.

  • Stalkerware

Stalkerware software is used to steal, monitor, and leak user data or activities. Stalkerware is designed for espionage concealed from the user or organization and aims to steal and then use the obtained information for malicious purposes.

  • Data Breaches

Data breach, however, envelops all mentioned above hacking attempts and is as follows: accidental or malicious leakage of confidential information carried out for cruel purposes. Thus, The Yahoo breach is considered the biggest breach in history, with 3 billion accounts exposed, while smaller-scale incidents are taking place monthly, if not daily. Any cyberattack is aimed at the gathering of PII, financial data, and its further exploitation.

How to Protect Yourself or a Company from Being Hacked?

Since the damage recovery from a successful cyberattack is immeasurably more difficult and expensive than preventing the one, companies and users must understand the basic principles of cyberattack prevention.

1. Proper software.

Very often, companies or ordinary users use unreliable services for internal and external communications. Software must be reliable and follow the principles of security of user’s data in the first place. End-to-end encryption, for example, is a best practice to ensure the safety of such data and the integrity of a whole software structure.

2. Awareness.

IT industry develops new technologies many times faster than builds their protection. Consequently, most people simply are not aware of all the risks associated with digital technologies and do not know how to protect themselves. Thus, the human factor is the main reason why cybercrime thrives. Statistics say that more than half of successful hacking attacks became successful only because of humans’ unawareness. With a proper attitude toward cybercrime, users and employees can significantly reduce the number of successful cyberattacks.

3. Risk Prevention.

Switching from insecure platforms and opting for user-oriented software can significantly reduce the risks of becoming a target for cybercriminals and eliminate the risk that personal or confidential information will be compromised. Therefore, every user or a company that cares about their personal information should opt for services that fully comply with all current security regulations and are designed primarily for their users.

Data Safety With dSTAR

dSTAR iCommunicator is software which primary purpose is to ensure that all user data is kept private and inaccessible to intruders.

The messaging platform meets the security needs of both an individual and an organization. It includes various secure features (backup&restore, message sync, blur tool), and the basic elements of its structure are end-to-end encryption and decentralized infrastructure. 

dSTAR has a broad range of security-oriented communication means:

  • video rooms;

  • audio messages;

  • pass-/bio-hidden messages; 

  • PTT;

  • integrated translator; 

  • notes and more.

dSTAR iCommunicator can protect you and your environment from being exploited by attackers and assure the privacy and integrity of your communication.

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